Visual Language of Shapes
Abstract art, nonfigurative art, nonobjective art, and nonrepresentational art are loosely related terms. They are similar, but perhaps not of identical meaning.
Abstraction indicates a departure from reality in depiction of imagery in art.
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore.
Waves suitable for surfing are primarily found in the ocean, but can also be found in lakes or in rivers in the form of a standing wave or tidal bore. However, surfers can also utilize artificial waves such as those from boat wakes and the waves created in artificial wave pools.
The term surfing refers to the act of riding a wave, regardless of whether the wave is ridden with a board or without a board, and regardless of the stance used. The native peoples of the Pacific, for instance, surfed waves on alaia, paipo, and other such craft, and did so on their belly and knees.
Another prominent form of surfing is body boarding, when a surfer rides a wave on a bodyboard, either lying on their belly, drop knee, or sometimes even standing up on a body board.
Newsworthiness is Defined
In some countries and at some points in history, what news media and the public have considered «newsworthy» has met different definitions, such as the notion of news values.
Sufficiently important news would be repeated quickly and often, and could spread by word of mouth over a large geographic area.
Even as printing presses came into use in Europe, news for the general public often travelled orally via monks, travelers, town criers, etc.
Visible chains of long distance signaling, known as optical telegraphy, have also been used throughout history to convey limited types of information.
Thus, political, religious, and commercial interests have historically controlled, expanded, and monitored communications channels.
The spread of paper and the printing press from China to Europe preceded a major advance in the transmission of news and new channels.
Brands are used in business, marketing, and advertising. Branding remains the last bastion for differentiation of products.
Branding is a set of marketing and communication methods that help to distinguish a company.
Many companies are beginning to understand that there is often little to differentiate between products in the 21st century.
Some areas, such as Hong Kong, have preferred to shape their policy around a tighter focus on copyright ownership in the value chain. They adopt the WIPO’s classifications, which divide up the creative industries according to who owns the copyrights at various stages during the production and distribution of creative content.
The primary purpose of this is to quantify – for example it can be used to count the number of firms, and the number of workers, creatively employed in any given location, and hence to identify places with particularly high concentrations of creative activities.
There is often a question about the boundaries between creative industries and the similar term of cultural industries. Cultural industries are best described as an adjunct-sector of the creative industries.
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Cultural industries include industries that focus on cultural tourism and heritage, museums and libraries, sports and outdoor activities, and a variety of ‘way of life’ activities that arguably range from local pet shows to a host of hobbyist concerns.